Dichiarazione di Yokohama per un Mondo Libero da Nucleare

il testo in inglese: 

Yokohama Declaration for a Nuclear Power Free World

The 11 March 2011 earthquake, tsunami and related melt down at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclearpower plant has led to great suffering for the people of Japan and has increased radioactivecontamination across the globe. It has also sounded a warning bell throughout the world about thelong-term health, environmental and economic risks of nuclear power.As with Three Mile Island and Chernobyl, the accident at Fukushima has reminded us once again thatnuclear technology is unforgiving and accidents cannot be contained. The situation is not undercontrol as declared by the Japanese Government. The nuclear power plant is still unstable andworkers continue to work under life-threatening conditions.Radioactive contamination is spreading. This is a regional and global emergency. People are eitherforced to flee with their children or live with unacceptable health dangers and prolonged radiationexposure. In Fukushima prefecture, evidence of radioactive material has been found in the breast milkof mothers and the urine of children. Lives are threatened, including those of future generations. Theregional economy has been destroyed.Every step in the nuclear fuel chain has created Hibakusha, a term initially used to describe survivorsof the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs, but now used for all victims of radiation exposure. Uraniummining, nuclear weapons testing, accidents at nuclear power plants, and the storage and transport ofnuclear waste have all created Hibakusha.The experience of these Hibakusha around the world is one of secrecy, shame and silence. The rightto information, health records, treatment and compensation has been inadequate or denied withexcuses of “national security” or due to cost. This lack of accountability is not limited to Japan, but is aproblem fundamentally present in the nuclear industry everywhere due to the corrupt relationshipbetween governments and the nuclear industry.We now stand at a crossroads. We have the choice to break out of the nuclear fuel chain and movetowards efficient, renewable and sustainable energy that does not threaten health or environment. Forthe sake of future generations, it is our responsibility to do so. Turning away from nuclear energy goeshand in hand with nuclear weapons abolition, and will contribute to lasting world peace.The global solidarity shown towards the people of Fukushima and the spirit of those gathered at theYokohama Global Conference for a Nuclear Power Free World demonstrates that connectionsbetween people are truly what will create the foundations for our future.We call for:1. The protection of the rights of those affected by the Fukushima nuclear power plantaccident; including the right to evacuation, health care, decontamination, compensation andthe right to enjoy the same standard of living as before 11 March 2011;2. Full transparency, accountability and responsibility of the Japanese Government andthe Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and the establishment of an independent bodyto disseminate information to the public to reverse the history of concealing information fromthe public and releasing contradictory information.3. Ongoing comprehensive data collection and radiation measurement of humans, food,water, soil and air to inform the urgent and necessary measures to minimise the populationsexposure to radiation. Data collection will be necessary for generations and inter-agencygovernmental undertakings and the support of the international community are required.Corporations that have profited from the nuclear industry should carry their share of the costs.4. A global road map for the phase out of the nuclear fuel cycle – from uranium mining towaste – and the decommissioning of all nuclear power plants. The 'safety myth' hasbeen destroyed. Nuclear technology has never been safe and has never survived withoutmassive public subsidies. Renewable energy is proven and ready to be deployed on adecentralised and local scale if only policies to promote it were advanced to support localeconomies, such as Feed-in-Tariffs.5. Currently closed Japanese nuclear power plants to not be reopened. Japan's energyneeds can be met by implementation of the Feed-in-Tariff law that has been adopted and thestructural separation of ownership of transmission and production of energy.6. The prohibition of export of nuclear power plants and components, especially toindustrialising nations in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Europe.7. Support for local and municipal authorities that play an important role in creating asociety not dependent on nuclear power. We encourage solidarity between local municipalleaders, regional parliamentarians and civil society to promote strong communities,decentralization, bottom up approaches and an end to economic, racial and genderdiscrimination.8. Actions, demonstrations, seminars and media events to be held throughout the worldon 11 March 2012 to protest the treatment of the citizens of Fukushima and call for a nuclearpower free world.Based on the above principles, the participants of the Global Conference have launched the “Forest ofAction for a Nuclear Power Free World”, containing concrete plans for action. These manyrecommendations will be submitted as appropriate to the Japanese Government, governments ofother nations, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) and so on.Over 10,000 people came to the Global Conference for a Nuclear Power Free World in Yokohama,and 100,000 watched online. We, the participants are determined to maintain an international networkto support Fukushima, cooperation among those affected by radiation through the Global HibakushaNetwork, the establishment of the East Asia Non Nuclear Power Declaration Movement, and anetwork of local municipal leaders and mayors.15 January 2012Declared at the Global Conference for a Nuclear Power Free WorldYokohama, JapanThis Declaration was drafted by the Organizing Committee of the Global Conference for a NuclearPower Free World, and is supported by participants from around the world.